Russell Hampton
ClubRunner Mobile
Sep 29, 2020
American Red Cross of SW MS
Oct 06, 2020
History and Happenings at the Jackson Yacht Club
Oct 13, 2020
Oct 20, 2020
Oct 27, 2020
View entire list
Upcoming Events
Rotary Blood Drive
115 Tree St.
Sep 24, 2020 10:00 AM –
Sep 25, 2020 2:00 PM
Rotary Club of North Jackson
The Rickhouse
Sep 29, 2020 12:00 PM
Rotary Club of North Jackson
The Rickhouse
Oct 06, 2020 12:00 PM
Rotary Club of North Jackson
The Rickhouse
Oct 13, 2020 12:00 PM
North Jackson Board Meeting
The Rickhouse (Zoom in 2020)
Oct 20, 2020
Rotary Club of North Jackson
The Rickhouse
Oct 20, 2020 12:00 PM
Rotary Club of North Jackson
The Rickhouse
Oct 27, 2020 12:00 PM
Rotary Club of North Jackson
The Rickhouse
Nov 03, 2020 12:00 PM
Rotary Club of North Jackson
The Rickhouse
Nov 10, 2020 12:00 PM
North Jackson Board Meeting
The Rickhouse (Zoom in 2020)
Nov 17, 2020
View entire list
Executives & Directors
Vice President
Director - Foundation
Director - Membership
Immediate Past President
Director - Public Relations
Director - Club Administration
Director - Club Service
Executive Secretary
Bulletin Editor
Bill Osborne

Club Announcements:

Zoom meeting invites with the link and password will be sent to all club members on Mondays. The Zoom meetings will continue to start at noon on Tuesdays with club member fellowship with the meeting starting at 12:15 p.m. If you have any issues connecting to the Zoom meeting or would like the link sent to you, please email Past President Greg Campbell at
We reserve the first 15 minutes for fellowship and give our speakers nearly 30 minutes for their presentations.
September 15 Board Meeting Results.
The Board approved a $500 donation to the District 6820 Disaster Relief Fund.
The officers and directors continue to look at the best approaches to returning to in-person meetings. More information will be provided as it becomes available.
Via an email vote, the Board voted to make a $300 donation to District 6820 Polio Plus and the district's World Polio Day 2020 celebration.

END POLIO NOW! by Neelam Goel

One of Rotary’s key humanitarian goals is to eliminate polio from the face of the earth. Polio, or poliomyelitis, is a disabling and life-threatening disease caused by the poliovirus.  Poliomyelitis is a paralytic disease and is still active in 2 countries, Pakistan and Afghanistan.  Thanks to Rotary International it is 99.9 % eradicated.  The virus usually affects 5 years old and younger, usually transmitted through the gastrointestinal tract and some cases can affect the spinal cord causing paralysis.  The first vaccine was invented by Dr. Jonas Salk in 1954, which was killed virus given intramuscularly.  The second vaccine was invented by Dr Albert Sabin, which is an attenuated virus (live) and given by mouth.  This vaccine was commercially used in 1961.   The iron lung was used to help polio patients with paralysis to breathe. 


When our club first started to observe World Polio Day in 2018, there were three countries, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria with cases of Wild Paralytic Polio. Today only Pakistan and Afghanistan are the two countries left with active cases of Polio. Nigeria has been declared Polio Free (WPV) by WHO on August 25, 2020. In the last 10 years, Rotary International has spent $15 billion dollars in Nigeria to eradicate Polio.  GPEI (Global Polio Eradication Initiative} was formed in 1988 for the worldwide eradication of polio. CDC, Rotary International, WHO, UNICEF, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation are some of the major partners of this initiative. There were 350,000 cases of Paralytic Polio worldwide in 1985 that were reduced by 99.9 percent in 2016.  For every dollar Rotary contributes to Polio, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation gives $2 making it a 2:1 match. However, our fight is not over until each and every country is declared polio-free and has the resources to effectively vaccinate its children. The United States is fortunate that polio is now only a distant memory when once it had infected our commander-in-chief, President Roosevelt who was able to successfully hide it. 


INVITATION! from Club Vice President Suman Das

All North Jackson Rotary members are invited to join the Polio Plus Quiz on October 6th and Polio Bingo on October 13th, both of which are free. Please feel free to donate to Polio Foundation if you wish to continue the fight against Polio.  Remember your donation will be matched 2:1 by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Send your check to Don Roberts, Executive Secretary, and Treasurer. Stay Safe Stay Well. Do not miss our World Polio Day Celebration on October 20th.


The Rotary Club of North Jackson has been recognized for its support to the Rotary Foundation’s Annual Fund. Out of more than 35,000 Rotary clubs worldwide, we were one of only 3,400 clubs worldwide and 4 in our district 4820 to attain status as an Every Rotarian, Every Year Club. This achievement is for clubs that achieve a minimum Annual Fund contribution of $100 per capita during the Rotary year, and every dues-paying member must personally contribute at least $25 to the Annual Fund during the year. The other clubs were the Flowood, Lexington, and Madison-Ridgeland. The club was also recognized as one of only 4,000 clubs worldwide and 3 in District 6820, to become a 100% Foundation Giving Club. This achievement is for clubs that achieve an average of $100 in per capita giving and 100 percent participation, with every dues-paying member contributing at least $25 to any or all of the following during the Rotary year: Annual Fund, PolioPlus Fund, approved global grants, or Endowment Fund. The other clubs were the Lexington and Madison-Ridgeland clubs. At the end of every Rotary year, contributions directed to the Annual Fund-SHARE from all Rotary clubs in the district are divided between the World Fund and the District Designated Fund, or DDF. DDF funds is where clubs get grant money for local and international projects. For the 2019-20 Rotary year, the Rotary Club of North Jackson received $8,099 in matching district grant money for 8 projects. The grants are a 50-50 match.



  • Tommy Dent                    Sept. 23
Wedding Anniversaries:
  • Stanley & Connie Simpson           Sept. 22
Membership Anniversaries
  • Matthew Turnage              4 years, Sept. 27
  • Jay Cooke                         10 years, Sept. 28
Prayer. Gracious God, by turning to you in prayer we are reminded that all we do in earthly life is overshadowed by a spiritual dimension of life. Help us not to be so occupied with the earthly, that we lose our sense of the eternal. 
Bless now our fellowship. We are grateful for this and all blessings received because of your grace and goodness. Amen.
Pocket Change for Polio Plus
Following the September 22 club meeting, Administrative Secretary/Treasurer Don Roberts distributed the following in an email to all club members
"If you attended yesterday’s meeting via Zoom, you witnessed the arrival of the POCKET CHANGE FOR POLIO PLUS JUG
(“ JUG”).  If you weren’t on Zoom, you missed it!
You can still see the JUG in the following photo.
The appearance of the POCKET CHANGE FOR POLIO PLUS JUG marks the beginning of our Club’s annual celebration of World Polio Day and the successes made possible by contributions from Rotarians in the continuing battle to ELIMINATE Polio worldwide.
Dr. Suman Das unveiled the JUG and made the first deposit – folding money – by placing a crisp $ 10 bill in the jug. 
Since Suman can’t bring the JUG to all our homes or offices right now, He challenged all members of the Club to help continue the Fight for polio eradication between now and World Polio Day, October 24, by mailing a check for $ 10.00 to me. All contributions will be tallied and sent to The Rotary Foundation.
By supporting this effort you will receive a receipt for your tax-deductible contribution from THE ROTARY FOUNDATION.
To support POLIO ERADICATION, mail your check for $ 10 or MORE and make it payable to the Rotary Club of North Jackson and write JUG in the memo line. Mail your check to 
Rotary Club of North Jackson
P.O. Box 12934
Jackson, MS 39236-2934
There is more to come – Polio Quiz, Polio Bingo, valuable prizes!! 
Watch for details of the Club’s World Polio Day celebration in THE WHEEL."
Rotary Club of North Jackson Honors Precinct 4 Officer of the Quarter
The Rotary Club of North Jackson honored Jackson Police Department’s (JPD) Corporal Lashia Thomas as the Precinct 4 Officer of the Quarter for the second quarter of 2020 during its September 22, 2020 meeting. Corporal Thomas was honored for responding to a missing person call about a man who was suffering from Alzheimer’s.  After meeting with the man’s wife, Corporal Thomas was able to track the man’s cell phone and locate him in Mound, Louisiana. After contacting law enforcement there, they found the missing man safe. Corporal Thomas’s quick action while keeping the wife calm, earned her the honor. Shown from left, JPD Deputy Chief Tyrone Buckley, JPD Deputy ChiefTiny Harris, Precinct 4 Commander Odie Wells Jr., Corporal Thomas,  Rotary Club of North Jackson Committee Chair Steve Orlansky, JPD Chief James Davis, JPD Assistant Chief Joseph Wade.

Communications Director for Medical Marijuana 2020 Prop 65 Speaks to Rotary Club of North Jackson

Jamie Grantham, communications Director for the Medical Marijuana 2020 Initiative 65 spoke to the Rotary Club of North Jackson at its September 22 Meeting. Grantham discussed Initiative 65 and the reasons why it should be approved. She also discussed the alternative proposition put on the ballot by the legislature, Alternative 65A, and why it should not be approved. Grantham also cited the support Initiative 65 has from the medical community and the medical research that supports medical marijuana for patients with debilitating medical conditions. 


A total of 34 states, including Arkansas, Louisiana, and Florida, have approved the use of medical marijuana. Throughout the country, more than 3.5 million Americans are using medical marijuana to relieve pain and treat other symptoms of debilitating medical conditions. 

States are conducting their own studies based on their patients’ experiences with medical marijuana as a treatment: 

  • The Minnesota Department of Health published a report in the Journal of Oncology Practice showing that patients enrolled in Minnesota’s medical marijuana program showed significant improvements in symptoms related to cancer and cancer treatment including reductions of anxiety, lack of appetite, depression, disturbed sleep, fatigue, nausea, pain, and vomiting. The analysis included data from 1,120 patients with cancer who enrolled in the Minnesota medical cannabis program between July 1, 2015, and Dec. 31, 2017.

  • The Minnesota Department of Health also conducted a patient survey after its program had been operating for one year and concluded that its program, “is providing many people with substantial benefits, minimal side effects and no serious adverse events.”

  • After a successful launch, The New Jersey Department of Health released program priorities to improve its medical marijuana program by expanding the initial list of debilitating medical conditions that qualify a patient to access medical marijuana, increasing product supply, and reducing patient costs. “The Medicinal Marijuana Program has always prioritized patient needs above all else. Whether they are individuals with debilitating chronic pain, folks with end-stage cancer or veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder, patients simply cannot wait any longer for therapy that is both more affordable and easier to access,” New Jersey Health Commissioner Dr. Shereef Elnahal said. “The need for this program is greater than ever.”

Research studies that demonstrate the effectiveness of medical marijuana

There are many studies that show that medical marijuana is effective to treat a number of debilitating medical conditions.

Grantham also cited the 79-person Steering Committee that is guiding the work for passage of Initiative 65. That committee is composed of people from all works of life including attorneys, physicians, pastors, businesses, and nonprofits. The Steering Committee for Initiative 65 can be found here,


We thank Grantham for her presentation to our club and her work on behalf of the patients who would benefit from the passage of Initiative 65. She is shown below during her presentation. The link to the complete Zoom meeting, including Grantham’s presentation, is


Mississippi Supreme Court Presiding Justice speaks to Rotary Club of North Jackson

Mississippi Supreme Court Presiding Justice James W. “Jim” Kitchens spoke to the Rotary Club of North Jackson at the club’s September 15, 2020 meeting. Justice Kitchens is a lifelong resident of Crystal Springs, Copiah County, Mississippi. He was born on April 29, 1943, he graduated from Crystal Springs High School in 1961, earned a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Southern Mississippi in 1964 and his J.D. from the University of Mississippi in 1967. Justice Kitchens was first elected to the Supreme Court in 2008. He was reelected in 2016. His current term will expire in 2025.

The video link to the September 15 meeting is

Justice Kitchens related several stories from his 53-year long career as a lawyer. One of the stories was of a feud between two men who shot each other with 22 caliber pistols. One of the men was killed and the second was injured. Kitchens defended the wounded man who was shot in the cheek. The man was acquitted of a murder charge on a self-defense argument.


We thank Kitchens for his presentation to our club and for his service to the citizens of Mississippi. He is shown below during his presentation to the club from the Carrol Gartin Justice Building in downtown Jackson.

2020-2021District 6820 Governor Speaks to Rotary Club of North Jackson
2020-2021 District 6820 Governor Ed Thurmond spoke to the Rotary Club of North Jackson at the club's September 8 meeting. He recognized the club's achievements in the 2019-2020 Rotary Year, identified service opportunities, and in particular recognized Charles and Ellen Johnson as Major Gift Donor 2 contributors to the Rotary Foundation. The recording of the meeting, including his presentation can be found at the following link
We thank Gov. Ed for attending our meeting and for his presentation to the Johnsons. He is shown in the following photo during his presentation to the club.
Gov. Ed was accompanied by Celeste Herbert, Regional Major Gifts Officer for the Rotary Foundation. Ms. Herbert is shown in the following photo.
Charlie and Ellen Johnson Recognized as Major Gift 2 donors to  Rotary Foundation
The Rotary Club of North Jackson along with Ed Thurmond, Rotary District 6820 Governor and Celeste Herbert, Regional Major Gifts Officer for The Rotary Foundation, honored Charles "Charlie" and Ellen Johnson during it's September 8, 2020 Zoom meeting for their contribution to the Rotary Foundation as a Major Donor 2 level donor. The Johnsons join club member and Past President, Jim Stanley as having reached this significant level of giving in our club's 50 year history. Shown are Charlie and Ellen and the crystal recognition gift given to them along with Governor Ed and Herbert.
Nature Conservancy - Rotary Club of North Jackson
Cotie Bailey, Donor Relations Manager for The Nature Conservancy of Mississippi spoke to the Rotary Club of North Jackson at its September 1, 2020, meeting. The subject of Bailey’s presentation was the activities of The Nature Conservancy in Mississippi. Examples she highlighted were Loch Leven, Coffee Point, the Pascagoula River, and restoring the longleaf pine plantations. The link to the meeting including her presentation is Since 1965, The Nature Conservancy has been working to conserve lands and waters in Mississippi that have provided a sense of place and connection to our natural heritage for many generations. TNC has played a key role in protecting and restoring some of our most iconic landscapes, totaling over 139,000 acres across the state. Together, we are making a measurable, lasting difference in Mississippi.
Longleaf Pine forests a Southern Treasure.
As fire rushes through the grasses of a longleaf pine forest, shrubs ignite in quick, hot bursts and the bark of the pine trees blackens. Younger longleafs, still in their grass stage, shield their precious buds from the heat with their long, tightly packed needles. Gopher tortoises are safe in their burrows. Insects take flight. The fire moves quickly through the grasses, and the trees are all the better for it.
A controlled burn at the Talisheek Preserve in Southeast Louisiana was set with drip torches by The Nature Conservancy’s Louisiana burn crew. Throughout the southeastern United States, TNC’s longleaf pine management relies on controlled burns to replace the natural fires that longleaf pine communities rely on. This crew burns up to 10,000 acres in Louisiana and Mississippi each year. Nearby neighborhoods have been notified to expect smoke—like many tracts of longleaf pine in the southeast, Talisheek is in the middle of a quickly developing region.
Longleaf pine was once the dominant plant community of the south, covering 90 million acres from Virginia to east Texas, through all of the states in TNC’s Southern U.S. Division. Rather than thick woods, healthy longleaf pine forests are more like savannas, characterized by diverse open grasslands. A great diversity of plant and animal species made up these longleaf pine forests across its historic range, but two features were ubiquitous—the presence of longleaf pine itself and the regular occurrence of low-intensity fire.
The Nature Conservancy’s Mississippi state program, for example, is on the cusp of a significant floodplain restoration project protecting nearly 6,000 acres through agricultural wetland easements at Loch Leven in Wilkinson County. An existing ring levee will be enhanced to reconnect the Mississippi River with its historic floodplain, benefiting critical wetland habitat and surrounding communities.
The Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) in the Farm Bill includes two vital components: Agricultural Land Easements and Wetlands Reserve Easements. Agricultural Land Easements protect the long-term viability of the nation’s food supply by preventing conversion of productive working lands to non-agricultural uses, while Wetlands Reserve Easements improve water quality and supply, provide habitat for fish and wildlife and support outdoor recreation. 
In the 2018 Farm Bill, TNC successfully fought to restore funding for ACEP up to $450 million each year, better enhancing our ability to conserve land, water and the quality of life for millions of Americans.
The Pascagoula River.

The Pascagoula River is the largest undammed river in the contiguous 48 states.

The Pascagoula is often called the "Singing River." According to legend, the peace-loving Pascagoula Indian tribe sang as they walked hand-in-hand into the river to avoid fighting with the invading Biloxi tribe. It is said that on quiet nights you can still hear them singing their death chant.
The Pascagoula Watershed also rings with the calls of 327 species of birds that breed among the sprawling cypress-tupelo swamps, oxbow lakes and pine ridges. Wading birds croon as they forage throughout the bayous, and graceful swallow-tailed kites hunt for prey in the extensive bottomland forest. Even the distinctive clattering bugle of the rare Mississippi sandhill crane can be heard within the pine savanna.
In 1974, The Nature Conservancy and other dedicated conservationists rallied to bring 35,000 acres of the watershed under public protection. This "grassroots epic," as E.O. Wilson called it, led to a river corridor presently buffered by almost 70,000 acres of public and private conservation lands.
TNC has remained committed to this river treasure, helping establish the Pascagoula River Basin Alliance in 2001. In recent years, with the help of partners, TNC acquired 2,100 acres along the Leaf and Pascagoula Rivers in the George and Greene County region of the Pascagoula River Basin—the chapter’s first land acquisition in more than 10 years.
In addition to making a conservation impact across the state, the purchase connected more than 450,000 contiguous acres between the De Soto National Forest and the Pascagoula Wildlife Management Area, now the largest tract of contiguous conserved lands in Mississippi. 
In October 2016, this land was transferred to the Mississippi Forestry Commission for future management and protection. The transfer happened approximately 40 years to the month after the Conservancy signed 32,000 acres of pristine bottomland over to the State of Mississippi to establish the Pascagoula River Wildlife Management Area (WMA). These two achievements bookend 40 years of conservation milestones in Mississippi and signal a bright future for conservation efforts. The Pascagoula Watershed remains a priority for The Nature Conservancy, from the forests to the coastal estuaries, and the Singing River itself.
We thank Ms. Bailey for her presentation and for her work preserving Mississippi’s natural treasures. She is shown below during her presentation. The background is a swamp in the Mississippi Delta.

This Week's Rotary Foundation Thought is about facing the challenges of COVID-19, Rotary clubs and partner organizations are finding new ways to support access to education

Posted September 24, 2020


Recognizing that education is a pathway out of poverty, Rotary and other organizations have made significant progress in increasing access to learning in communities around the world.

Parents who were already on the edge about sending their kids to school are just going to throw up their hands and not do it.

Now, the COVID-19 pandemic is threatening to erase many of those gains. More than 91 percent of students worldwide have been impacted by temporary school closures, according to the United Nations. By April, close to 1.6 billion young students were out of school.

Some experts fear school closures and the loss of some family incomes could keep children out of school indefinitely. “We have worked so many years to get kids in school, get them enrolled, and get them to stay in school,” says Carolyn Johnson, a Rotary member from Maine, USA, who helps Rotary clubs design grants that support education. “This is going to put those efforts back years.

“Parents who were already on the edge about sending their kids to school are just going to throw up their hands and not do it,” she adds. “They are literally starving and need the money their kids can bring in working.”

  • 91

    students worldwide impacted by temporary school closures

Mary Jo Jean-Francois, Rotary International’s area of focus manager for basic education and literacy, believes that the pandemic’s impact on education will continue long after the development of a COVID-19 vaccine.

“Many kids are at a high risk of never going back,” she says. “That is a huge concern for the education community.”

Education is no easy task

The UN Sustainable Development Goals, a blueprint for creating a more just world, has named “quality education” as its fourth goal. One target of that goal is ensuring that by 2030, all children have the means to complete a “free, equitable, and quality primary and secondary education.”

It’s a monumental goal. Even in the best times, educating children is far more complex than just getting them into a classroom. Are the teachers regularly trained? Do the children have access to proper nutrition? Are they physically healthy and well enough to learn? Does the school have adequate sanitation? Is there a safe, reliable way for teachers and children to get to school? Are there issues at home? Can parents help with homework? Does the family’s need for income mean the child is working instead of being at school?

The school closures, job losses, and need for physical distance have further complicated things.

Fortunately, Rotary has a history of tackling the world’s most challenging issues. Members, some with years of experience in education, are addressing the needs that lie ahead.

In Guatemala City, Guatemala, Rotary clubs are partnering with clubs in the U.S. and Canada to help children and their families who live off what they find in the city’s huge garbage dump. The project is just one example of organizations pivoting to meet the challenges imposed by the pandemic, including supporting remote learning.

Opportunities for the poorest children

Safe Passage, or Camino Seguro, was founded 20 years ago by a teacher from the U.S. to offer tutoring, nutritious snacks, and care for the poorest children, as well as a drop-in center for children who worked at the dump. Supported by Rotary clubs that have supplied resources and teacher training, the program has kept growing and now includes several schools for children in kindergarten through eighth grade.

Trae Holland, executive director of Safe Passage, says the program uses a learning model that is student-centered, is based on inquiry, and that emphasizes experiences and participation.

“Research is really clear on this,” says Holland. “For marginalized and at-risk populations, you can’t just put a child in a classroom and lecture them. They have to experience the learning themselves.”

Additional services provide nutrition and counseling to children and their families. Mothers can learn crafts and entrepreneurial skills. And an adult education program teaches parents so they can help the students learn at home.

When the pandemic reached Guatemala City in mid-March, officials closed the garbage dump, and Safe Passage had to reinvent its programs overnight.

“Our immediate emergency response included a triad of needs — food, medicine, and a way to communicate with families,” Holland says.

Three main needs

To supply food to students and their families, Safe Passage connected with Esther Brol, a member of the Rotary Club of Guatemala La Reforma, who has been coordinating a massive food distribution program throughout the city with her network of Rotary clubs and the United Way. The Rotary clubs raise money to buy nutritious food and pack the items for delivery. The food bags have reached 40,000 people so far, including more than 400 families who work in the garbage dump.

Other Rotary clubs donated money so Safe Passage could buy rechargeable food cards that families can use at grocery stores.

To help people access health care even with clinics closed, Safe Passage created a telemedicine program — the first of its kind in the city. Cooperating pharmacists will accept photos of written prescriptions that are sent to parents via smartphone. Families have formed small groups to share smartphones with others who don’t have one.

But the biggest change has been communication with families and its effect on education.

“We lost our most important asset, which was face-to-face contact with our students and hands-on learning,” Holland says. “It’s easily the most challenging thing we’ve had to do, reinventing our curriculum into a new form using the tools our families had access to.”

Teachers use data plans funded by Rotary club donations to record their lectures on smartphones to send to the families. Children receive homework packets with their food deliveries that include experiments they can do at home. Students can use WhatsApp to send questions about their homework to the teachers. Instructors use voicemail to answer questions and send photos of solutions to math problems.

“It’s not optimal,” Holland says. “But the pride the teachers have taken in being able to evolve so quickly with the tools we have is immense.”

Remote learning and technology

Like many schools worldwide, the pandemic forced Safe Passage to address an issue it’s been debating for years: how to best integrate online or remote learning into its education plans. Most remote learning involves technology like tablets. But the area’s lack of internet access, as well as security concerns like theft, make distributing technology for students to learn at home a daunting task.

Holland says students will be at a disadvantage in today’s workplace if they don’t have access to digital tools. At the same time, students benefit most when technology is integrated into the entire curriculum, not just provided through a mass distribution of laptops.

“Blended learning is a combination between technology and face-to-face classroom learning,” says Holland. “It’s not a bolt-on solution. If you see technology as this cool thing you just bolt on to an existing curriculum, you are in big trouble.”

If you see technology as this cool thing you just bolt on to an existing curriculum, you are in big trouble.

Jean-Francois agrees.

“A lot of grants will include purchasing laptops or tablets. But education is a lot more complex,” she says. “We need to use this time and lean into developing teachers in new ways we haven’t thought of before. We can’t just assume that if we give them a tablet and instructions, they are going to know how to use it, and we shouldn’t expect they are going to know how to effectively teach children with it.”

With the unpredictability of the pandemic, many schools will be making the same kind of decisions in the coming year. But Johnson, the Rotarian who helps clubs design education grants, cautions against moving too quickly to “reinvent education.”

“We need to figure it out, but figure it out one step at a time,” says Johnson. “You have to know what people are able to accept and use — cognitively, socially, and emotionally. Determine that, then move forward.”